According to surviving records, a cucking stool was used since the 13th century to punish “disorderly women, scolds and dishonest tradesmen” by dunking them in water (usually a river). This form of public humiliation was often used at the time.
One New Jersey law prescribing ducking for scolds remained on the books, if overlooked, until the year 1972 when it was finally thrown out by a state judge.
images: (top) A 17th century woodcut, (bottom) Ducking stool at Leominster, last used in 1809
Depictions of dolphins in ancient art.
Dolphin mosaic from the Baths of Buticosus, Ostia Antica. Roman, 2nd century. Photo by Roger Ulrich.
Dolphin fresco, Knossos, Crete, 1700-1450 BC. Photo by H-stt, via the Wiki Commons.
Youth playing the flute and riding a dolphin. Red-figure stamnos, 360–340 BC. Alcestis Group, from Etruria. Courtesy of the National Archaeological Museum of Spain. Photo by Jastrow, via the Wiki Commons.
Muḥammad ibn Maḥmūd Ṭūsī, ʿAjāyib al-makhlūqāt va-gharāyib al-mawjūdāt, Turkey 16th century.
Baltimore, Walters, Ms. W.593, fol. 178a
A silent protest in Love Park, downtown Philadelphia orchestrated by performance artists protesting the murder of Michael Brown in Ferguson. The onslaught of passerby’s wanting to take photos with the statue exemplifies the disconnect in American society. Simply frame out the dead body, and it doesn’t exist.
Here are some observations by one of the artists involved in the event:
I don’t know who any of these folks are.
They were tourists I presume.
But I heard most of what everything they said. A few lines in particular stood out. There’s one guy not featured in the photos. His friends were trying to get him to join the picture but he couldn’t take his eyes off the body.
"Something about this doesn’t feel right. I’m going to sit this one out, guys." "Com’on man… he’s already dead."
There were a billion little quips I heard today. Some broke my heart. Some restored my faith in humanity. There was an older white couple who wanted to take a picture under the statue.
The older gentleman: “Why do they have to always have to shove their politics down our throats.” Older woman: “They’re black kids, honey. They don’t have anything better to do.”
One woman even stepped over the body to get her picture. But as luck would have it the wind blew the caution tape and it got tangle around her foot. She had to stop and take the tape off. She still took her photo.
There was a guy who yelled at us… “We need more dead like them. Yay for the white man!”
"One young guy just cried and then gave me a hug and said ‘thank you. It’s nice to know SOMEBODY sees me.’
A newly described species of dolphin, the Australian humpback dolphin, was just named a few days ago, and it’s already under threat.
Human fear of sharks, which has let to shark nets being set around coastal areas, has caused the accidental capture of the newly identified dolphin.
According to a paper published in the journal Marine Mammal Science, the dolphins wind up as by-catch “in shark nets set around beaches to protect bathers.” Fisheries also pose a threat, as do habitat loss and degradation from coastal development, pollution and climate change. Read more
A family taking a trip around Australia were treated to more than they bargained for when crocodilian crowd favourite ‘Brutus’ took on a bull shark in the muddy mangroves. The result? Dinner for Brutus, curtains for the shark.
Photo: Andrew Paice/Getty
Casa de Africa in Havana, Cuba
Dance told story from one of the afro-cuban religions
per Dianna, this is Yemaya from the Yoruba pantheon.
African Mathematics: History, Textbook and Classroom Lessons
Mathematics has an interesting history in Africa. The earliest known mathematical artefact in human history is the Lebombo Bone. Thought to be 37,000 years old, it was discovered by archaeologists in South Africa. Scholars believe that the number system carved into the bone represents a lunar calendar. Later mathematical evidence comes from the Ishango region of Central Africa, Ancient Egypt, Medieval North Africa, Ethiopia, Medieval West Africa and Medieval Central Africa.
This book covers the origin and evolution of mathematics in Africa and provides teachers/students with study materials that can be used in classrooms and workshops.
Click the link to purchase: http://www.amazon.com/African-Mathematics-History-Textbook-Classroom/dp/1500667390